When discussing present and future landscapes, discussion of these landscapes' past is inevitable. Beginning with the introduction of agriculture in the Neolithic, humans have begun to exert an ever-increasing influence on landscapes instead of just adapting to them - a mutual relation that has been escaping public opinion from time to time, but it has never lost its relevance.
Anthropological sciences and evironmental archaeology have developed a rich set of interlinking methods in order to gain more insight into the formation processes of landscapes, into the decision processes involved in the establishment of human settlements in a certain landscape, and also into the mutual interactions of landscapes and humans.
Archaeobotany is an interdisciplinary research field - or, to be more precise, a methods toolkit - deeply embedded into anthropological and environmental studies. This lecture aims at giving a general overview on the theories archaeobotany is based upon, on its methods and their application, and also on the place of archaeobotanical research within the network of cultural historical and palaeo-environmental studies.
Several papers are given here for your information, the suggested reads prior to the International School are Birks 2007, and Jacomet 2007.