L02 - Challenges and Opportunities of the SDGs in the Danube Macro-Region

Type: 
Lecture
Date: 
Monday, September 10, 2018 - 11:00 to 12:00

How do the countries of the Danube Basin fare when it comes to implementing the Sustainable Development Goals? Looking at several country profiles, this introduction will discuss the environmental and socio-economic challenges of the Danube River Basin in the light of the Angeda 2030. The geo-political situation of the Basin's countries, their history and their natural endowments will be sketched to show where potentials and challenges are particular to the DRB, calling for the development of an SDG-DRB research agenda.

Resources for Lecture on SDGs in the Danube Basin

Alfred M Duda, Co-Managing Land and Water for Sustainable Development (Sept 2017): https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5694c48bd82d5e9597570999/t/5931647146c3c44fe79508e1/1496409203592/Land-Water+Nexus__A_M_Duda.pdf

Argues that SDG 2,6 and 15 are interrelated and this shoulSd be seen as a chance for water management (p3), one positive example used in the report is the Black Sea Protection Project

See also:  Water and Environmental Crises through Integrated Approaches to the Management of Land, Water, and Ecological Resources'', Water International (25):1 115-126, March 2000 (downloadable at: http://www.bvsde.paho.org/acrobat/global.pdf)

Abstract: As the world approaches the 30-year anniversary of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment and prepares to review progress made in the decade since Dublin and Rio, we are confronted with results that are mostly disappointing. When it comes to addressing the water resources crisis, the 1990s may well be remembered as a decade of debate rather than action. Recent assessments suggest a doubling to almost two-thirds of the worldís population experiencing some water stress by 2025 and increased demands to withdraw more water for a new ìgreen revolutionî for irrigated agriculture. Both of these will accelerate environmental degradation to a new crisis level while the existing degradation that resulted from the first ìgreen revolutionî still awaits remedial action both in the North as well as in the South. It is now clear that the global water crisis and the global environment crisis are linked and are being exacerbated by unprecedented global pressure resulting from over-consumption, population growth, globalization of economic systems and trade, reduction in development assistance, and failure to enact necessary policy, legal, and institutional reforms. This article makes the case that the traditional sector-by-sector approach to economic development is a key contributor to the two global crises. Lessons of experience are presented on policy, legal, and institutional reforms necessary to address the inter-linked crises through integrated approaches to managing land and water resources and their biological diversity. Water pricing reforms, reductions in damaging subsidies, land tenure reforms, community participation, and institutional reforms are necessary. There is a need to build upon the linkages and synergies among the three Rio conventions (climate, biodiversity, and desertification) in order to create new global driving forces for actions to address the crises holistically in the context of a country’s national sustainable development strategy. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and its implementing agencies stand ready with incremental cost grant financing to assist countries willing to undertake the reforms for integrated basin management of land, water and biological resources as they transition towards sustainable development.

 

The issue of transboundary cooperation is specifically targeted in this publication: https://transboundarywaters.science.oregonstate.edu/sites/transboundarywaters.science.oregonstate.edu/files/Publications/McCrackenMeyer_TBCooperationSDG652_Published2018.pdf

Abstract: Water is central to sustainable development; making transboundary cooperation among riparians a core aspect of Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG 6 on water and sanitation includes an indicator, SDG Indicator 6.5.2, to assess cooperation over transboundary waters by measuring the “Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation.” The definitions developed by the methodology for calculating the Indicator have the potential to significantly impact the resulting structure and type of cooperation that are assessed and that will develop. Indeed, the composition of this indicator will both directly and indirectly influence water diplomacy, international policy, and water law. In this research, we analyze the methodology for assessing SDG Indicator 6.5.2, examine how operational cooperative arrangements are defined, and identify the strengths and limitations of the method for measuring transboundary water co-operation. This is done by simulating the application of the methodology and calculating the Indicator in three national case studies (Bangladesh, Honduras, and Uganda) and in a global overview. The unequal distribution regionally of operational cooperation is evident, as well as the gap in coverage between transboundary surface waters and aquifers. However, the normative and binary nature of the Indicator obscures the political complexity of establishing cooperative processes and has the potential to present a false depiction of the extent of co-operation that is occurring over shared waters. In this article, we also discuss bias that can be introduced with using surface area as a metric to assess cooperation that results in weighting larger basins and aquifers over smaller basins in the calculation of the Indicator. This paper presents a basis for further analysis of SDG Indicator 6.5.2 and the possible adaptations of the Indicator design to better assess transboundary water cooperation.

 

Specifically on the SDGs and Water and central to our considerations: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02508060.2018.1433782?needAccess=true

Birgitta Liss Lymer, Joshua Weinberg and Torkil Jønch Clausen, Water quality management from source to sea: from global commitments to coordinated implementation

Abstract: This article reviews links and gaps related to water quality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It uses these as a starting point to analyze challenges in water quality management at national and basin levels from a ‘source to sea’ perspective. Experiences in the Danube River, Black Sea, East Asian Seas and the Baltic highlight key issues to be addressed during the implementation of the agenda to achieve water quality objectives in fresh, coastal and marine waters. It assesses priorities for supplementary actions to be supported to improve prospects for achieving targets in these areas.

Please also note this report: http://www.unwater.org/publications/water-sanitation-interlinkages-acros...

Scientific area: 
sustainability sciences