agriculture

History of the planned use of the soil by growing, harvesting and utilization (including animal production) of crops on arable and grass lands. Investigations about the production of specific food stuffs or feed and about the use and breeding of animals. Works mainly from the field of agricultural history.

Most large and medium-sized Austrian rivers were channalized in the later 19th and 20th century. The main reasons were to ensure flood protection for new human settlements and increasing agricultural areas. This diplom thesis analyses the development of land use (settlement, agriculture) along the Traisen rive and the affects of flood protection on the natural fluvial environment. Three case study sites with different economical and topographical conditions were selected: Lilienfeld in the upper Traisen, St.

Wacha describes campaigns to extirpate sparrows which became to be perceived as grain pest in the middle and second half of the 18th century in areas under regency of Habsburg Empress Maria Theresia. The articles provides especially historical sources starting from the first patent of 1749 until 1782 when Maria Theresia´s succesor Joseph II stopped the campaign. 

Medieval Vienna was situated at the main arm of the swiftly flowing alpine Danube. From the fourteenth century onwards, the river gradually moved away from the city. This marked the beginning of 500 years of human intervention to prevent further displacement of the river and to preserve the waterway as a vital supply line. Archival research and the GIS-based reconstruction of the past riverscape allow a new view about the co-evolution of the city and the river. Following major channel changes in 1565/1566, repeated attempts to force the main arm into the old river bed were undertaken.