climate and weather

Historical changes of temperature and precipitation and the perception of these; impact on agriculture; extreme weather conditions and catastrophes. Works on the methods of climatic reconstruction (radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, sediment and ice cores) and interpretation of climate indicators (historical reports, pollen analysis, sediments).

This article discribes diversity of fauna in two Slovenian caves, Osalpsaka jama and Jama pod Krogom pri Mlinih, which are different than other Slovenian caves. Brencelj found two completely new species and eight species which are included in The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species of Slovenia.

Agriculture is one of the major sources of pollution of the surface water and groundwater of the Danube River Basin. Lying at the intersection of three countries – Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia, together with its transboundary groundwater body, the Mura River Basin represents a challenging pilot area with extensive agriculture. This project aims to reduce agricultural water pollution in the Mura River Basin by introducing low-input sustainable agriculture.

The project addresses lack of transdisciplinary research in dealing with impacts of climate change on cultural heritage in the Danube River Basin, which are not sufficiently understood by science and inadequately treated by routine. Fostering mutual learning between lay public, policy-makers and scientists will lead to an improved state of the art in science, to more effective policies and to a raised lay public’s awareness of this real world problem.

Climate change, declines in biodiversity, increasing consumption of resources, urbanisation, urban sprawl and demographic change continue to challenge theregions of Europe. In response to these processes of regional and global change, there has been an unmistakeable boom in parks in Europe since the 1990s. Morethan a fifth of the continent is now protected using designations such as regionalnature parks, national parks, UNESCO Biosphere Reserves and World Heritagesites.

The exact causes of river flood changes are still a mystery. Although, drivers such as climate and land use change are known to play a critical role, their complex interactions have not been disentangled. We will separately analyse floods in catchments where climate variability is large and land use changes are small, and where the opposite is the case, and will account for the dominant mechanisms of change in flood modelling.

The bilateral Austrian-Russian research project DYNAFISH systematically investigated written historical sources and archaeological fish remains to reconstruct historical changes of riverine fish communities. The results produced by the interdisciplinary team of fish ecologists, environmental historians and ichthyo-archaeologists have advanced the historical ecology of riverine fish, a still underdeveloped research field compared with the marine environment.