industry

History of the economic sector characterized by a high degree of mechanisation and automation, in particular works with a focus on processes of industrialisation.

Following the present southern border of the city of Vienna, the rivulet Liesing crosses several types of landscape, which as nowadays mostly built and highly fragmented area do not provide an indication of the historical relation between the spatial development and the watercourse itself. Apart from the inevitable need of water for early human settlements, the region of the Liesing also provided rich resources, which allowed an early economic relation to the growing city of Vienna, whose trade infrastructure crossed the Liesing at several points.

This thesis is part of a comprehensive environmental history research project that studies the interaction between the growing city of Vienna and the water landscape west of the Danube River. The investigation period from 1780 to 1900 covers a highly dynamic era of the industrialization of Vienna. The mutual influence between the water system and the water uses by humans will be investigated on the basis of production processes of selected crafts and the related water supply and wastewater sanitation.

This master thesis is part of the interdisciplinary project URBWATER (Vienna's urban waterscape 1683-1918. An Environmental History), and has a look at the links between water bodies, urban development and human water uses in Vienna from the late 17th to the 20th century. Like in many other cities, humans and their needs for urban development, flood protection, navigation and power generation have influenced fluvial morphology and dynamics in and around Vienna with sometimes unintended consequences that required further interventions.

Over hundres of years the growth and development of Vienna was determined by the River Danube. The course of the river was originally influenced exclusively by natural occurences. Increasing technology and industrialisation have changed the course of the river dramatically during the last 125 years. Flood control, navigation and power supply were the main reasons for the operations undertaken. Enforced settlement and industrial development along the river followed. Subsequently, most of the habitats of the formerly large inundation area were destroyed.