settlement

History of settlements as places where humans live and work together (not only classical settlements such as villages, towns and hamlets, but also castles and other bases erected for the colonization of landscape); investigations of impacts of landscape and resources on the development of settlements; works from Settlement History, in particular also the history of deserted villages ("Wüstungen").

This thesis is part of a comprehensive environmental history research project that studies the interaction between the growing city of Vienna and the water landscape west of the Danube River. The investigation period from 1780 to 1900 covers a highly dynamic era of the industrialization of Vienna. The mutual influence between the water system and the water uses by humans will be investigated on the basis of production processes of selected crafts and the related water supply and wastewater sanitation.

This master thesis is part of the interdisciplinary project URBWATER (Vienna's urban waterscape 1683-1918. An Environmental History), and has a look at the links between water bodies, urban development and human water uses in Vienna from the late 17th to the 20th century. Like in many other cities, humans and their needs for urban development, flood protection, navigation and power generation have influenced fluvial morphology and dynamics in and around Vienna with sometimes unintended consequences that required further interventions.

Most large and medium-sized Austrian rivers were channalized in the later 19th and 20th century. The main reasons were to ensure flood protection for new human settlements and increasing agricultural areas. This diplom thesis analyses the development of land use (settlement, agriculture) along the Traisen rive and the affects of flood protection on the natural fluvial environment. Three case study sites with different economical and topographical conditions were selected: Lilienfeld in the upper Traisen, St.

Over hundres of years the growth and development of Vienna was determined by the River Danube. The course of the river was originally influenced exclusively by natural occurences. Increasing technology and industrialisation have changed the course of the river dramatically during the last 125 years. Flood control, navigation and power supply were the main reasons for the operations undertaken. Enforced settlement and industrial development along the river followed. Subsequently, most of the habitats of the formerly large inundation area were destroyed.