Excursion n. 1

Sunday, March 23, 2014 - 09:00 to 18:00

Idrija a town squeezed into a narrow basin, conceals a rich heritage created over several centuries of mining activities. A very unique experience is the tour of the oldest part of the mercury mine.

Idrijca is a river flowing through the Idrija Hills and Cerkno Hills. It is 60 kilometres (37 mi) long. It rises near Vojsko, flows towards northeast and after passing through Idrija turns to the northwest. After passing through Spodnja Idrija and Cerkno it joins the Isonzo river in Most na Soči.

The river basin has an area of 598 square kilometres (231 sq mi).[1] The major tributaries are the Belca, Zala, Cerknica, and Bača from the right and the Nikomlja, Kanošica, and Trebušica from the left. One of the right tributaries is also the Jezernica River, which originates from the Wild Lake (Slovene: Divje jezero). Being only 55 m long, the Jezernica is the shortest river in Slovenia.

The river has many fish, among which the Salmo marmoratus, the Rainbow Trout, and the Grayling are noteworthy. In the past, timber was driven down the Idrijca to Idrija to be used as pillars in the Idrija mercury mine.

Scientific area: 
Geochemical aspects and environmental mercury contamination in the Isonzo river
Fish species of the Idrijca (marble trout)
The effects of mercury and mining on fish