demography, population

History of demographic development of cities, regions or countries and the consequences of population growth or decline e.g. on nature and/or resources exploitation. 

The aim of the project is a more sustainable agriculture and the re-ruralisation of remote mountainous regions in the Danube River Basin through the strengthening and establishment of organic farms in selected less developed mountainous regions, and through educating the demographically young population of the Danube area to organic farming methods and practices and to the ecological relevance of quality farming.

Following the present southern border of the city of Vienna, the rivulet Liesing crosses several types of landscape, which as nowadays mostly built and highly fragmented area do not provide an indication of the historical relation between the spatial development and the watercourse itself. Apart from the inevitable need of water for early human settlements, the region of the Liesing also provided rich resources, which allowed an early economic relation to the growing city of Vienna, whose trade infrastructure crossed the Liesing at several points.

This master thesis is part of the interdisciplinary project URBWATER (Vienna's urban waterscape 1683-1918. An Environmental History), and has a look at the links between water bodies, urban development and human water uses in Vienna from the late 17th to the 20th century. Like in many other cities, humans and their needs for urban development, flood protection, navigation and power generation have influenced fluvial morphology and dynamics in and around Vienna with sometimes unintended consequences that required further interventions.

This diploma thesis, which was conducted in the framework of the project ”OPTIMA Lobau” comprises a qualitative analysis of human uses in the Viennese Lobau. In the past anthropogenic uses in the area of the Lobau were highly diverse. Until the breakdown of the Austrian monarchy the landscape, which was influenced by the dynamics of the Danube and the ownership relations, was dominated by an intense hunting use and game management. Limiting factors for an increase of use for e. g.

The Danube in prehistoric history of Europe

Article in journal

No other river contributed to Europes development as much as the Danube. Due to the southeast orientation of the Danube, it is a brigde to southeast european and oriental influences to middle europe. The Danube can not be considered a "life vein" like the Nile for Egypt, but rather functions as an "alliance vein" which brought the countries along its borders together. The Danube had several names which points to its perceived size in relationship to the action scope of mankind in former days. All modern names for the Danube derive from the Roman name Danuvius.

This study presents results of 2D- and 3D-reconstructions of the Danube floodplain in Vienna based on historical sources. Prior to channelization, the Danube River was anabranched and consisted of more than 90 % lotic water bodies. Over the long term, erosion and aggradation remained presumably in a dynamic equilibrium. This resulted in permanent regeneration/rejuvenation of the different habitats. River channelization primarily led to a stabilization of the former morphodynamic processes.

In this article, Payer describes the perception and the development of the Danube Channel from being a "mental abyss" which divided the city in former times, over musical glorification, to a place which provides valuable ecosystem services today.