environmental legacy

Toxic or otherwise problematic substances left in the environment as a result of previous land-use (often created by chemical industry or mining operations) and other material leftovers from interventions into landscapes. Legacies can be benign, problematic or wicked, depending on their longevity, maintenance requirements and reach of effect.

Marko Ilic

The common reed (Phragmites communis) appeared all along the Danube River and was dominant in places where the river had great widths and several islands. Overall, reed is more common in areas with stagnant or low flowing waterbodies, swamps, flood plains, channels and puddles. It appears both in aquatic as well as in teresstrial ecosystems. The distribution is mainly water-born. Anthropogenic influence on distribution is little.

In this paper we will outline three time periods through which we will describe the main developmental processes in formation of civil society and environmental movement in Croatia. In the first part of paper we will describe beginnings of civil society formation in Croatia still being a member of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Awareness of environmental problems in Croatia and Yugoslavia appeared relatively early, during ‘70 (last century), not lagging much behind the developed countries, but still in a quite smaller extent.

ENVIEDAN produced the first integrated environmental history of the Viennese Danube from 1500 to the early 20th century. The project was carried out by an interdisciplinary team of environmental historians, social ecologists and river morphologists. It created new scientific knowledge by demonstrating the longevity of the river´s transformation from a dynamic fluvial system into a straight river channel with fixed banks. For reconstructing past hydro-morphological patterns and dynamics a new method, the “regressive-iterative-approach”, was developed.